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If there are signs of tendon damage, the tendon must be sutured by a surgeon before closing the wound. If so, put on a dressing until qualified treatment can be administered:
Water Jel is a unique product regarding protection and first aid of burns. Water Jel is delivered in different sizes. Biggest is a carpet with the size 182×152 cm. What is the highest temperature the Water Jel carpet is resistant against?
What is the fat content of whole milk?
The main goal of splinting is to render a pulling strain on the fractured bone ends, in order to prevent them from touching each over:
When using cleaning equipment, what is important before starting?
Knowing exactly how the equipments are working.
That the electric cord is long enough.
Conferring with the working-plan.
A triangular bandage is always used in its triangular shape:
The responsibility for safety and security rests with everybody on board the vessel. General house-keeping rules should be followed. Which of the listed rules is the most important?
Keep your working area clean and tidy.
Always use gloves when using grinding machines.
Do not carry lighters or matches when working outdoors.
Keep tools within easy reach during work.
Once a bandage is in place it should be left alone:
Inspiration is mainly caused by muscle activity of the Diaphragm:
A sudden fall in blood pressure does not normally lead to circulation failure:
What should NOT be given to a patient suffering from diarrhea?
If you need to use a chemical cleaning agent, where can you find complete information about any potential hazards and precautions?
The Safety Data Sheet for the product.
On the label of the product.
In the ship’s SMS procedures.
No special precautions are needed if the correct PPE is worn.
It is the increased pressure in the head that is fatal, not the bleeding itself:
Improvised splints can only be made of solid materials:
To protect a burn injury, we should never remove the patients clothing:
Why should “near miss incidents” be reported?
To avoid accidents and injuries in the future.
To comply with the regulations.
To find the person who was to blame.
It is best not to report them; it makes the company look like they are having too many incidents.
Visible shortening of a limb is not necessarily a sign of a fracture:
Which of the following meats is most perishable in cold storage?
You will be at sea for 45 days with a crew of 30 men. How much tomatoe would you buy?
How shall you treat the dishwashing machine?
It shall be cleaned daily and oiled and inspected regularly.
It shall only be used for prewashing the crockery and cutlery.
It shall be treated with care and cleaned once a week.
Open weave roller bandages are used to support joints:
A person suffering from a moderate to hard blow to the head, should always be under close observation in the early hours after the accident, considering possible development of edema in the head:
Your aims are to maintain the airway, breathing and circulation, to remove any contaminated clothing, to identify the poison and to obtain medical aid:
Shock is a manifestation of changes in which the circulation fails because either pressure or volume of circulating blood has fallen to a dangerous level. What is the skin colour of a pasient in shock?
What is a contingency plan for ships?
Plan for safety preparedness.
Plan for maintenance and repair.
Loading plan for general cargo.
On average, how much filter-ground coffee would you need for a crew of 20 Filipinos and 10 Norwegians for 6 months?
What would you serve at a cocktail party?
Buffet featuring warm dishes.
Buffet featuring warm and cold dishes.
Assorted open-faced sandwiches.
Welding and burning are among the factors which give the highest risk of fire on board ships. Precautions has to be taken to avoid this risk. Which of the following safety rules may be regarded as the most important?
The welder shall have been instructed in the use of the ship’s welding plant.
Electric welding plants shall be controlled by a responsible engineer before use.
Only holders of welding certificates shall be allowed to carry out welding on board ships.
Only use electrodes from a well-known manufacturer.
A limb with an external bleeding should be lowered to maintain circulation in order to supply the cells with oxygen and prevent cell death:
Why shall you never pour water into hot fat?
The water will explode into steam causing hot fat to be thrown far away thus possibly causing severe burns or fire.
The fat will stiffen immediately and need reheating.
The water will turn into steam and cause the fat to explode.
The fat will not be edible anymore.
A haematoma can be caused by head injury:
The position and direction of entry and exit wounds will alert you to the likely extent of hidden injury, and to the degree of shock that may ensue:
If Mouth-to-Mouth (M-T-M) ventilation by itself is unsuccessful and the casualty’s heart stops, or has stopped beating, you must perform External Chest Compression (ECC) in conjunction with M-T-M. When performing ECC, where do you place your hand on the casualty’s body?
Place the heel of one hand, two finger breadths above the bottom of breastbone. Cover the hand with the heel of the other hand.
The correct position of your hands are of no importance.
Place the heel of your two hands on the top of the breastbone.
One of the main tasks of the blood is to transport oxygen to body’s cells:
Unfortunately an insect has become lodged in the ear. How to remove the insect?
Gently flood the casualty’s ear with terpid water so that the insect will float out.
By using rubber vacuum pump and suck the foreign body out.
By using a Q-tip and carefully try to get the insect out.
You should terminate resuscitation after 15 minutes:
You should always wash your hands before preparing food. Wear protective gloves or waterproof plasters if you have cuts on your hands:
A spine/neck injury will always have priority over every other injury due to the risk of paralysis:
Hindus are not allowed to eat one particular type of meat. Which one?
How will you treat a seasick person?
Leave him in bed or request him to have some fresh air.
Force him to eat any kind of fat food.
Make him swollow seasick pills until he stops vomiting.
Encourage him to drin a lot of lukewarm sea water.
When an ambulance or more qualified personnel arrives at the scene, there is no need to tell them about the poisonous chemical inhaled since they will find out themselves:
R-I-C-E treatment has no effect if postponed more than 4 hours after the injury took place:
When should equipment be cleaned?
Before starting to use it.
Anyone joining a vessel that they are not familiar with should be given a safety equipment and familiarization tour. According to this module, where does this requirement come from?
SIRE and OCIMF requirements.
The International Chamber of Shipping (ICS).
Abdominal thrust is applied to remove foreign objects in the airway:
Heat-stroke can occur suddenly, causing unconsciousness within minutes. This may be signaled by the casualty feeling uneasy and ill.
Flush away any residual chemical on the skin with plenty of cold water. Be sure, that the water does not flush away from the casualty’s body:
A method NOT usually allowed in cleaning up oil spills in the US waters is:
The respiration system, above all, reacts to carbon dioxide levels in the blood:
When you are taking out provisions for the next day, you notice that the temperature in the meat freezer is only -8 °C. How would you react to such a situation?
Report it immediately to the Chief Engineer.
Wait until the next day to report it.
Report it immediately to the Chief Officer.
What is advisable for a person entering a padlocked refrigerated room?
He should take the padlock inside the room.
He should leave the padlock outside on the door for everyone to be seen.
He should never remove any ice or debris as the ice is needed to keep the refrigerated room at the right temperature.
There is nothing more you can do to prevent food poisoning, than ensure that frozen poultry and meat are fully defrosted before it is cooked. Cook meat, poultry, fish, and eggs thoroughly to kill harmful bacteria. Never keep food lukewarm for long periods; bacteria can multiply without obvious signs of spoilage:
Which of the following actions will most effectively prevent fire in a cabin?
Ensuring that all persons avoid smoking in bed.
Request people to refrain from smoking.
Install fire detecting devices.
A patient who is shouting has an open airway:
None of the tissue cells will die, only damaged when the casualty has a crush injury:
Internal bleeding will never lead to circulation failure:
An internal abdominal bleeding is not dangerous as it will stop bleeding by itself due to the increased pressure in the abdomen:
Respiration while resting is normal if the frequency increases to more than 20 ventilations per minute:
A patient who breathes will always have a pulse rate?
What is the most important treatment concerning a foreign body in the eye?
Wring the eye-lid to prevent blinking.
There is always a remote possibility that a fish and meat freezer could break down. What product should you always keep enough of in stock?
A large dose of muscle relaxing medicaments can cause respiratory problems due to the reduced activity in the respiratory muscles:
The training manual shall contain instructions and information in easily understood terms and illustrated whenever possible. Which one of the following objects do not have to be explained in detail in the manual according to present regulations?
The use of onboard communication systems.
With assistance of illustration, the use of radio life-saving appliances.
Personal hygiene is important in all professions, especially cooks who should be particularly careful. Why?
Because a cook handles food and beverages and could easily be spreader of viruses and infections.
Because a cook meets many people and shakes a lot of hands.
Because a clean and properly dressed cook often is respected.
Because if not the cook’s superior will not like it.
Symptoms of serious head injury are unconsciousness, low pulse rate and high blood pressure:
When we deal with food poisoning your aims are to encourage the casualty to rest, to seek medical advice or aid, and to give the casualty plenty of bland fluids to drink:
Heat cramps seldom occurs after excessive sweating precipitated by strenuous exercise:
You discover bugs in the white flour stored in the store room for dry stores. Where would you move the flour to prevent the problem from spreading any further?
In a spare cabin that has air conditioning.
Cardiac arrest leads to circulation failure:
When loading provisions/stores in a tropical harbour on sunny days, which of the following would you arrange to get out of the sun as soon as possible?
Moderate and deep hypothermia cause very unstable condition, and the patient must be inactive and treated very carefully:
Why should knives never be left submerged in washing-up water?
Because you may cut your fingers.
Because the blades may be stained and rust coloured.
Because they may be lost when the sink is drained.
Because the knives may be blunt and need resharpening.
If a patient has heat exhaustion, the symptoms are weakness, vertigo, headache and nausea. Initially the skin is cool and clammy.
Oxygen treatment is most important with injury to the head/neck/spine:
Which of the following items is essential and should always be kept in stock?
A casualty with burns has less need for fluid:
Which of the following are evidence of a POOR safety culture onboard a ship? Select any options that you think apply:
What does “general daily cleaning” mean?
Removing trash, dusting and light cleaning cabins, messrooms and WC.
Cleaning floors in cabins and messrooms.
Washing floors, chemical cleaning of furniture and carpets, polishing.
Dishwashing and laundry service.
Which of the following items is essential and should always be kept in stock?
A person under influence of alcohol will suffer from frost injuries quicker than a sober person: