Тест состоит из 80 случайных вопросов.
Всего вопросов по данной теме: 174
A spine/neck injury will always have priority over every other injury due to the risk of paralysis:
Treatment of burns and scalds depends on the severity of the injury. What is the correct thing to do for minor burns and scalds?
Place the injured part under slowly running cold water for at least 10 minutes, but preferably until the pain is gone. If no water is available, use any cold, harmless liquid.
Remove all sticky clothing from the casualty.
Break blisters, remove any loose skin or foreign objects from the injured area.
Apply lotions, ointments or fat to the injury.
Open weave roller bandages are used to support joints:
Anyone of the crew who is assigned to watch duties in ports has a number of important task to carry out. Which one of the listed tasks has to be included in the watchman’s duties?
Checking the mooring for tightness/slack.
Checking the trim of the vessel.
Checking the number of persons entering/leaving the vessel.
Checking the safe and secure handling of cargo.
Flush away any residual chemical on the skin with plenty of cold water. Be sure, that the water does not flush away from the casualty’s body:
When you are taking out provisions for the next day, you notice that the temperature in the meat freezer is only -8 °C. How would you react to such a situation?
Report it immediately to the Chief Engineer.
Wait until the next day to report it.
Report it immediately to the Chief Officer.
The training manual shall contain instructions and information in easily understood terms and illustrated whenever possible. Which of the following objects do not have to be explained in detail in the manual according to present regulations?
Donning of fire protection clothing.
Muster of assigned stations.
Donning of lifejackets and immersion suits.
What is the most serious damage to the tissue concerning damage by pressure?
Increasing pressure and developing oedema.
Which of the following fruits should you use first?
The passage of electrical current through the body may result in severe and sometimes fatal injuries. You are witness to man getting electric current through his body and is stuck to the dangerous area. It is impossible to switch off the current by any main switch. How to break the current safely?
Stand on dry insulating material and pull the person away with isolating material.
Apply fish oil on your hands and cut the cords by the use of any metallic pilers.
Just take the casualty in your arms and pull the person away.
Just take the casualty in your arms and pull the person away.
Anyone joining a vessel that they are not familiar with should be given a safety equipment and familiarization tour. Which of the following should this include? Select any answers that you think apply:
Spillage of corrosive chemicals is poisonous and can also result in burns:
When treating an injury obtained by falling, it is of great importance to check the motor function in the extremities:
What is a contingency plan for ships?
Plan for safety preparedness.
Plan for maintenance and repair.
Loading plan for general cargo.
Do not touch anything that is sticking to, or embedded in, the eyeball, or over the coloured part of the eye, when treating a person with a foreign body in the eye:
A seriously hypothermic patient should as soon as possible be placed in a warm bath (>50 °C) to regain normal body heat:
When we deal with food poisoning your aims are to encourage the casualty to rest, to seek medical advice or aid, and to give the casualty plenty of bland fluids to drink:
It is the increased pressure in the head that is fatal, not the bleeding itself:
Heat-stroke can occur suddenly, causing unconsciousness within minutes. This may be signaled by the casualty feeling uneasy and ill.
On the average, how much long life milk would a crew of 30 men use in the course of 30 days?
Cleaning has certain safety aspects, among other things which?
Fire is easily spread in dust and trash and wet floors may cause different accidents.
Cleaning has nothing to do with safety.
Polished floors are a safety risk.
Untidy rooms are a safety hazard.
Internal bleeding will never lead to circulation failure:
A patient who breathes will always have a pulse rate?
There are, at least, four distinct signs of fracture:
All fires will burn easier and faster in an oxygen-rich environment. Therefore, do not use oxygen bottles near an open fire. Smoking is not allowed.
A chemical burn from fluid must be bandaged firmly to prevent fluid from covering greater parts of the skin:
An internal abdominal bleeding is not dangerous as it will stop bleeding by itself due to the increased pressure in the abdomen:
You can threat a person with heat exhaustion by giving him salt and water:
Why do people need familiarization training every time they join a new ship?
Because the content of familiarization training will change depending on the type of ship and their job on board.
Because they are liable to have forgotten how to launch lifeboats and operate rescue equipment.
Because it is checked during SIRE inspections.
If they are experienced seafarers, they do not need such a tour.
Why should knives never be left submerged in washing-up water?
Because you may cut your fingers.
Because the blades may be stained and rust coloured.
Because they may be lost when the sink is drained.
Because the knives may be blunt and need resharpening.
A patient with a major burn is liable to develop circulation failure:
Unfortunately a fish hook has entered someone’s finger. The barb of the hook is even inside the skin. How to remove the fish hook?
Push the hook through the skin until the barb protrudes, then cut the hook between the barb and the skin and gently withdraw the hook.
Don’t do anything by yourself, see a doctor.
Cut the skin so it is possible to take the hook directly out.
An unconscious patient suffering from a major spine injury should not be placed in recovery position, as this may increase the damage and lead to paralysis:
If Mouth-to-Mouth (M-T-M) ventilation by itself is unsuccessful and the casualty’s heart stops, or has stopped beating, you must perform External Chest Compression (ECC) in conjunction with M-T-M. What is the complete rate when performing ECC?
Complete 15 compressions at the rate of 80 compressions per minute.
Complete 25 compressions at the rate of 75 compressions per minute.
Complete 20 compressions at the rate of 60 compressions per minute.
Why shall you never pour water into hot fat?
The water will explode into steam causing hot fat to be thrown far away thus possibly causing severe burns or fire.
The fat will stiffen immediately and need reheating.
The water will turn into steam and cause the fat to explode.
The fat will not be edible anymore.
What is the correct temperature range for the vegetable room where most of the fruits and vegetables are stored?
Accidents happen for a reason. Based on what you have seen in this module, what would you say is the cause of most accidents at sea?
The actions that people take, the so-called “Human element”.
We cannot avoid danger at sea.
What does “periodic cleaning” mean?
Washing and polishing floors, chemical cleaning of furniture and carpets in cabin and other common rooms.
Clearing all showers and WC.
Removing trash, dusting and light cleaning in cabins and common rooms.
If Mouth-to-Mouth (M-T-M) ventilation by itself is unsuccessful and the casualty’s heart stops, or has stopped beating, you must perform External Chest Compression (ECC) in conjunction with M-T-M. When performing ECC, where do you place your hand on the casualty’s body?
Place the heel of one hand, two finger breadths above the bottom of breastbone. Cover the hand with the heel of the other hand.
The correct position of your hands are of no importance.
Place the heel of your two hands on the top of the breastbone.
Moderate and deep hypothermia cause very unstable condition, and the patient must be inactive and treated very carefully:
How shall you treat the dishwashing machine?
It shall be cleaned daily and oiled and inspected regularly.
It shall only be used for prewashing the crockery and cutlery.
It shall be treated with care and cleaned once a week.
Where would you store a 6 month supply of margarine?
In the dry stores room at +20 °C.
Why do we clean?
Because if we don’t clean it will influence safety, economy, our own well-being and maintenance.
Because I like to clean and feel good after having done a good job.
Because we have to do it.
Because catering personnel is the first to discover dirt.
A limb with an external bleeding should be lowered to maintain circulation in order to supply the cells with oxygen and prevent cell death:
You should terminate resuscitation after 15 minutes:
You are going to be at sea for 30 days with a crew of 30 men. How many eggs would you buy?
Normal resting rate of pulse in a healthy adult is about 2-3 beats per second:
What kind of cleaning product would you use to remove burnt food remains?
Strong alkaline solution.
A solution of water and acid vinegar.
Cardiac arrest leads to circulation failure:
Your aims are to maintain the airway, breathing and circulation, to remove any contaminated clothing, to identify the poison and to obtain medical aid:
Which of the following items is essential and should always be kept in stock?
The muster list shall show the duties assigned to crewmembers in relation to passengers in case of emergency. Which of the following duties do not necessarily have to be included in the muster list? The duties shall include:
Ensuring that every passenger is provided with an immersion suit or a thermal protective aid.
Assembling passengers at muster stations.
Ensuring that a supply of blankets is taken to the survival craft.
A method NOT usually allowed in cleaning up oil spills in the US waters is:
The walls in the blood vessels are completely resistant to diffusion:
Dressing should always be larger than the wound they cover:
Bandages must be sterile before use:
Respiration while resting is normal if the frequency increases to more than 20 ventilations per minute:
The main goal of splinting is to render a pulling strain on the fractured bone ends, in order to prevent them from touching each over:
There is nothing more you can do to prevent food poisoning, than ensure that frozen poultry and meat are fully defrosted before it is cooked. Cook meat, poultry, fish, and eggs thoroughly to kill harmful bacteria. Never keep food lukewarm for long periods; bacteria can multiply without obvious signs of spoilage:
Visible shortening of a limb is not necessarily a sign of a fracture:
On average, how much filter-ground coffee would you need for a crew of 20 Filipinos and 10 Norwegians for 6 months?
What is the lowest temperature at which potatoes should be stored?
What IMO conventions take care of the human safety at sea?
It is the SOLAS conventions.
It is the MARPOL conventions.
If you need to use a chemical cleaning agent, where can you find complete information about any potential hazards and precautions?
The Safety Data Sheet for the product.
On the label of the product.
In the ship’s SMS procedures.
No special precautions are needed if the correct PPE is worn.
The red blood cells are responsible for the transportation of oxygen:
Which of the following meats is most perishable in cold storage?
Which of the following kinds of fish is the most perishable in cold storage?
What is the first sign and symptom of a Cardiac Infarction?
Sudden crushing, vice-like pain in the centre of the chest.
Possible frothing at the mouth.
Skin may be red and loss of movements in the right arm may occur.
Strong and painful pulse.
Parts of the body can be used as splints:
When should equipment be cleaned?
Before starting to use it.
What kind of routine would you follow to make preparations for the next day’s menu (frozen meat and fish)?
Chief cook and second cook work together to select provisions for officers and crew, discussing needs and quantities, if necessary.
Second cook selects provisions based on a fixed menu for officers and crew.
Chief cook selects provisions alone. No discussion with the second cook.
Messman selects provisions on the basis of instructions from the chief cook.
A casualty with burns has less need for fluid:
According to most authorities, what is the cause of most accidents at sea?
Reduction in manning levels.
What is the fat content of whole milk?
What kind of cleaning product would you use to remove spilled oil and fat in the galley and pantry?
Neutral to Alkaline solution.
Neutral to acid solution.
Whitespirit or other fat removers.
You will be at sea for 45 days with a crew of 30 men. How much tomatoe would you buy?
We have 3 circulatory systems for blood transportation:
If you are unable to give a patient with an increased circulation failure due to bleeding, intravenous treatment, he should promptly be given plenty to drink to replace lost fluid:
Unconscious casualties who are breathing and whose hearts are beating should be placed in the Recovery Position. What is the Recovery Position?
The patient placed in a “face-to-the-floor” position, and with arms and legs arranged in order to stabilize this position.
The patient sitting in a position with the head kept as low as possible.
Which of the following are evidence of a POOR safety culture onboard a ship? Select any options that you think apply: